Dr,Raj you are awesome teaching skills better than my university professor,looking forward to see more of your videos.
Learn cardiovascular pathology online and get the most out of your study time!
Regards, Raj Patel. This guy grows on you. He keeps you engaged. Not many professors can do that! If you don't "get him" I would say you don't "get medicine" either cause he's the real deal. Clear and concise. Dr Raj has an engaging and interactive method of lecture that helps make this topic much easier to understand. I chose this rating because Dr Raj explains concepts on a level that I can understand and remember, I love the integration with physiology that he uses to explain pathology - absolutely great!
Thank you Dr Raj! He repeats stuff a lot in a good and memorable way which makes me remember and understand the lesson easily. Plus he has good sense of humor! I use Goljan and Pathoma for pathology and my med school "assigns" reading from Robbins Pathology. All three are great resources for preclinical pathology courses and Goljan and Pathoma are the go-to's for every medical students prep for Step 1.
Raj is not like his mentor Dr. I have yet to see a true pathogenesis lecture or even see histological images of any of the heart diseases he barely even has gross images of cardio pathology. I had high hopes from a guy whose mentor is Dr.
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Hopefully his other pathology subjects are better. Good pathofis; understanding the basics helps alot; its alot of info and trying to wire it in my head isnt easy; But it was a good explantion. This is a very good course with focus on the most important material. Furthermore he keeps drawing lines to other diseases and physiology giving a good understanding of the greater picture.
Only thing I miss in this lecture is recordings of the different sounds you'll hear on auscultation instead of just mentioning what you'll hear. Great lecture. You give this patient something in which there is going to be relief from the chest pain. What does that mean to you? It means underneath the tongue anytime that there's chest pain, you place nitroglycerin correct? When i hear this i just get very confused, and i already have my teachertoconfuse me.
Raj use this rethorical questions all the time and they're very annoying. What i like about lecturio's lessons is the fact that almost all the teachers use very easy sentences when they speak, and they use a lot schemes and pictures to be more clear. Excellent Integration with Biochemistry that enables long term retention of what was learned in the first year of medical school. The questions were a little easier than what is normally asked.
Though the hyperlipidemia lecture was excellent. Like it very much for education purpose very good. Start Now. Toggle navigation Toggle search. To Your Curriculum. Toggle search. Login Start Now. Lecturio is using cookies to improve your user experience. By continuing use of our service you agree upon our Data Privacy Statement. Curriculum Cardiovascular Pathology. Cardiovascular Pathology by Carlo Raj, MD Learn cardiovascular pathology online and get the most out of your study time!
Course Details. Videos Duration h Quiz questions Articles Get Premium. You're currently in preview mode. Create your free account to save your progress and access more questions. Multifocal Atrial Tachycardia — Symptoms and Treatment. Multifocal atrial tachycardia is a type of atrial arrhythmia characterized by rapid heart rate with at least 3 or more P wave morphologies. For an adult, normal heart rate ranges between 60 and beats per minutes. In multifocal atrial tachycardia, the heart rate range between and beats per minute.
In , anatomical accessory pathway of conducting tissue has been described that bypasses the atrioventricular AV conduction system.
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This article will describe definition, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome. Arrhythmia Irregular Heartbeat — Classification and Types. Cardiac arrhythmia is an abnormal heartbeat, either the heart is beating too fast, too slow, or in an irregular manner. A healthy heart beats in a coordinated and regular way.
Electrical and chemical impulses develop into specialized cells. These impulses stimulate the heart muscle cells myocytes to contract.
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When the heart is irritated or damaged, these impulses can develop spontaneously in the atria or the ventricle. Some spontaneous contractions are normal, but certain contraction patterns are very dangerous and can result in permanent heart damage, stroke, or death. Vasospastic angina is a variety of angina pectoris chest pain occurring at rest in which myocardial ischemia is due to transient vasospasm, with or without any underlying pathology.
It is one of the syndromes that cause ischemic myocardial pain angina pectoris , the other two being stable and unstable angina. Although rare in comparison, students are expected to know about it for the purposes of USMLE, as well as for their clinical knowledge. Heart Sounds. The detection and recognition of heart sounds play an important role in the diagnosis of various cardiac and valvular conditions. Because familiarity with heart sounds has such practical importance, students undertaking the USMLE are expected to have a good understanding of its theory and clinical applications.
Ventricular tachyarrhythmias are a group of arrhythmias that result in a heartbeat greater than beats per minute and originate anywhere in the ventricle. There are three main types of ventricular tachyarrhythmias: ventricular fibrillation, monomorphic ventricular tachycardia, and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia.
Each one is associated with a high mortality rate.
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Symptoms include chest pain, palpations, hemodynamic collapse, and end-organ damage. If the ventricular tachyarrhythmia is suspected, start advanced cardiac life support measures immediately. The cardiovascular exam is one of the most important parts of the physical. You will repeat this exam throughout your training and perform it on almost every patient in a hospital or a clinic. This part of the physical evaluates the heart and peripheral blood vessels both arteries and veins.
We use the stethoscope to auscultate, the fingers and palm to palpate and the eyes to observe. Atrial Flutter — Symptoms and Diagnosis. Atrial flutter is an irregular heart rhythm of the atria.
It is classified as a supraventricular tachycardia. This rhythm is associated with heart disease and hypertension. Symptoms include palpitations.
Complications include increased risk of stroke and congestive heart failure. Treatment through ablation is usually curative, though medication can also play a role. Bradyarrhythmias, an arrhythmia with bradycardia less than 60 ventricular depolarizations per minute can result in a drop in cardiac output, low perfusion and hemodynamic instability. Bradycardia is occasionally seen in professional athletes due to their increased vagal tone. It is not a concern in this group, but may pose a risk when found in the general population. There are many causes for a slow heart rate including medication, electrolyte imbalance and physical changes to the heart associated with deterioration or fibrosis.
Constrictive pericarditis is characterized by a thickened and scarred pericardial sac that lays around the heart and prevents proper diastolic filling. Diagnosis is very difficult because this condition mimics many other diseases. Acute Pericarditis — Causes and Treatment. Pericarditis is an inflammation of the pericardium resulting from infection, autoimmune disease, radiation, surgery or myocardial infarction, or after cardiac surgery.
It is manifested as fever, pleuritic chest pain that increases with lying supine, and audible pericardial rub by auscultation. Diagnosis is made by clinical suspicion with, supported by diffuse ST elevation in ECG and sometimes pericardial effusion by echocardiography. It is usually a self-limiting condition within weeks, therefore management is usually conservative.
Related USMLE Cardiology High Yield - Cardiovascular Diseases - Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment (1)
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