An attractive product more people could afford? We were off — color was the new thing. Try telling that to Henry Ford, however, as Tutt says he resisted the change because of the elaborate process he already had built for painting his cars. In fact, Tutt says, any Model Ts that were repainted in a different color other than black would have their warranties voided. Dorothy, meet Oz. Such a service was very much at the pulse of consumerism, as the industry tried to figure out what people would buy other than black.
There was a bit of a pause in the color parade when the market crashed in , Tutt notes — colors got dimmer, more depressing, in somber greens and grays.
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And when cars were colorful, fenders were often painted black in a melding of the practical and the aesthetically pleasing: Dinged fenders could be easily and cheaply painted with asphalt paint, saving on repairs. Despite the downtrodden economic times, the s saw the addition of metallic paints, which were first made from actual fish scales and reserved only for the very rich.
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American paint companies used aluminum flakes in their metallics, which were much cheaper than fish scales. Color names still paid homage to their fishy predecessors, with colors like Fish Silver Blue. The s and s saw a rise of chrome trim and single-color cars, Tutt says, especially after World War II when new innovations brought us sun-resisting clear coats for metallics to help them stay bright and not yellow. These coats helped protect bright shades from fading, another pro for consumers who wanted their cars to last.
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Advisory panels became de rigueur for manufacturers after WWII, Tutt says, with companies once again asking customers what they wanted for their vehicles as paint methods continued to develop. By the time the s hit, consumption was a patriotic duty. Car colors and popular culture had hopped in bed together and from now on were closely married — just look at Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters touring America in the s in Further, a hippie bus in every sense of the word in not only its passengers but the wild, bright splashes of color decorating it.
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Other world events beyond the fashion shows and celebrities of the time affected car colors as well, Chris Wardlaw, who previously worked in the automobile industry with previously worked for Vehix. Power and Associates and Autobytes, tells Consumerist. He adds that the one exception was , the year of the Bicentennial, the year of the decade when the most popular colors were red, white and blue separately, not combined on one car in some kind of flag thing. It makes sense, then, if you like your iPod or later iPhone in white, maybe you want your car in that color, too. Like the silvery gray of your HTC One?
It could show up in your car too. When they lease their vehicle for two years they want to come back with the latest and greatest color.
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Some are niche-specific, Whalen explained to Consumerist. It would just be kind of comical, I think. And there you have it, Tahitian Pearl. As trends change every couple of years, so will consumer preferences. The BMC Proceedings report describes discussions amongst expert panelists that revealed that Black Americans gain no skeletal benefits from high doses of vitamin D supplementation; and high levels of the current marker for vitamin D status are almost certain to result in adverse effects in this population.
There are many factors that affect vitamin D status and skeletal health in Black Americans. Data presented in the BMC Proceedings report shows that adiposity, skin pigmentation, genetics, and environment all contribute to differences in vitamin D status with respect to skeletal health in Black Americans vs. White Americans; but no one factor could fully explain the significance of low measures of vitamin D status with respect to skeletal health in Black Americans.
A better understanding of these factors may be key to understanding mechanisms for improving bone health in all populations. Consumers and healthcare providers should appreciate the potential for adverse effects following over-supplementation with high doses of vitamin D in some individuals.
While threshold values deficient lower levels vs. Health scientists should appreciate the need to better understand the role of vitamin D and its significance in various segments of the population that are commonly underrepresented in clinical studies. A larger forum or workshop on the topic may help to stimulate more research on vitamin D with respect to bone health as well as implications beyond bone health. View the latest posts on the BMC Series blog homepage.
Dear Henry, The Institute of Medicine concluded in its report that the evidence for a benefit of vitamin D beyond bone health such as cancer and cardiovascular disease is inconclusive and insufficient to drive specific nutritional requirements for vitamin D intake.
Does that include people whose parents are from India? How about 1 white parent and 1 black parent?gairinowin.gq
The vitamin D paradox in Black Americans
American Indians? Why is the science community using it? Dear Pat, Thank you for the comment. Tools used in the studies that explored the effect of vitamin D on skeletal health in various segments of the population relied heavily on self-report or self-identifying feedback. Even with this approach, clear differences in vitamin D outcomes were observed. About Latest Posts. LaVerne L. Brown, Ph.
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